A study to determine the predictability of the jump and reach test in comparison with the Pierce basketball classification index
Edwards, George R.,1938-
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Purpose: It was the purpose of this study (1) to determine the relationship between the Jump and Reach Test and the Pierce Basketball Classification Index; (2) to determine the relationship between the Jump and Reach Test and the coaches’ ranking of players; and (3) to determine to what extent the Jump and Reach Test predicts basketball ability. Methods: The methods used to obtain data for this study were (1) administering the Jump and Reach Test; (2) administering the battery of tests included in the Pierce Basketball Classification Index to determine the subjects Physical Test Index; (3) compiling a Personal History Index based on such factors as weight, height, age, grade, and experience; (4) combining the Physical Test Index and Personal History Index to determine the Peirce Basketball Classification Index; (5) comparing the test results of the Jump and Reach Test with the Coaches’ Ranking of Players; (6) comparing the Pierce Basketball Classification Index with the Coaches’ Ranking of players. Findings: From the evidence presented in this study the following conclusions seem evident: 1.) The Jump and Reach Test is a measure of potential rather than a measure of basketball experience. 2.) The P. B. C. I. seems to be geared more to a boy having experience in basketball fundamentals such as dribbling and shooting. 3.) A correlation between the Jump and Reach test and the P. B. C. I. and between the Jump and Reach test and the Coaches’ Ranking is consistently higher for the guards. 4.) The Jump and Reach test is a good single test predictor, but is neither foolproof nor as dependable as battery of tests. In terms of the findings of this study the following recommendations seem in order. 1.) A six or seven year control group study using the Jump and Reach test on junior high school boys and correlation their scores with later high school performance seems advisable. 2.) It may be advisable for coaches to administer the Jump and Reach test to boys prior to any organized basketball participation in order to determine their potential and encourage further development. 3.) The Jump and Reach test may be used to predict the potential of the boys who might be selected to play guard.