FOCUSED ATTENTION MEDITATION AND OPEN MONITORING MEDITATION ON AN ATTENTION NETWORK TASK: EXAMINING A METACOGNITIVE MODEL OF MINDFULNESS

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2020-12-01T06:00:00.000Z

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Abstract

Semantic ambiguity in the meaning of mindfulness has produced challenges in operationalization, measurement, and interpretation of empirical investigations contributing to wide-spread conceptual and methodological issues. The current study utilized a multimodal approach to investigate mental faculties hypothesized to underlie a state of mindfulness in accordance with Jankowski and Holas (2014)’s metacognitive model of mindfulness. More specifically, the current study examined the effects of two different meditation methods among undergraduate students: open monitoring meditation (OM, n = 37 and focused attention meditation (FA, n = 37) as well as a mind wandering (MW, n = 36) active control. There were no significant differences between interventions on the mindful metacognitive experience of curiosity (TMS-C), the mindful metacognitive knowledge of decentering (TMS-D), or the mindful metacognitive skill of attention (ANTR). Explicit monitoring (JOPA) did not moderate the effect of these interventions on curiosity and decentering or operate as a mechanism of the effect of these conditions on mindful metacognitive skills (i.e., executive control). Overall, the results of the present study did not support a priori hypotheses. Thus, a brief online OM intervention may not have adequately evoked a mental state distinguished by receptive awareness in comparison to FA.

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Psychology, Cognitive

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