The Rise of Workplace Violence: Addressing Healthcare's Greatest Threat




Clay, Eric

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Workplace violence (WPV), specifically Patient-Generated Violence (PGV) committed in healthcare facilities represents a significant threat to not only caregivers, but to access to quality healthcare and patient outcomes. PGV is the most common form of violence in the healthcare setting, occurring in emergency departments, inpatient units, behavioral health units, and home health settings. Current research has identified staff, environmental, and patient risk factors as the major precursors of WPV committed by patients. Healthcare workers experience significant physical and psychological consequences as a result of PGV. A review of the evidence, alongside interviews with industry thought leaders, was conducted to identify current evidence-based interventions that can help healthcare organizations eliminate or reduce incidents of PGV.



Workplace violence; patient-generated violence; healthcare settings; healthcare security


Clay, E. (2023) The Rise of Workplace Violence: Addressing Healthcare’s Greatest Threat Driving Transformational Change in Healthcare Security. (Report No. IHS/CR-2023-1004). The Sam Houston State University Institute for Homeland Security.