The Effect of Breakfast on a Resistance Training Session in Female Collegiate Athletes
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of breakfast consumption on collegiate female athletes during a resistance training session and their nutritional habits throughout the remainder of the day. Of 32 recruited, 23 female collegiate Division I athletes from Sam Houston State University participated. The study consisted of three visits. The first visit included baseline measures for heart rate (HR), blood glucose (BG), and salivary cortisol (SC), a wellness questionnaire, 5-repetition maxes for a goblet squat, Romanian deadlift, dumbbell bench press and dumbbell row, and participant familiarization. The next two visits consisted of the randomized conditions: a resistance training session with breakfast (experimental) and another with breakfast omission (control). For each condition, BG, HR, and SC was collected after wait period and prior to resistance training and BG, RHR, SC, heart rate recovery (HRR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was collected after resistance training. A two-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to examine how the condition (breakfast or breakfast omission) and time (pre and post) affected BG, HR, and SC. BG was more stable between pre and post in the experimental condition compared to the control. A matched pairs t-test revealed that breakfast had no impact on RPE. Lastly, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test showed that breakfast increased happiness and was associated with lower academic stress. This study demonstrates the importance of breakfast to female collegiate athletes, coaches, and administration as well as informs the research on nutrition among female collegiate athletes.