Scholarly Works @ SHSU

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Using Generative AI for Instructional Design in Online Courses
(SHSU Online, 2023-09-22) Kinsey, Alan; Durham, Paige
In this session, you will discover the potential of generative AI for developing and designing online courses. Learn how you could use this tool to develop personalized and dynamic learning experiences for students while exploring both its benefits and challenges.
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Drug rehabilitation: an evaluation of selected drug rehabilitation programs in the United States
(Sam Houston State University, 1972-08) Rennicks, Mary Patricia,1925-; Barrum, James; Walker, Robert N.; Killinger, George G.
Drug abuse is not a new problem. The Indian Hemp Commission Report of 1893-1894 was the earliest written report on this subject. Many of the questions explored in that report are relevant to the drug abuse problem of today. In the United States from 1909 to 1965, the federal government has passed five legislative acts in an attempt to control the flow of illicit drugs. However, the effect of this legislation has been limited, and drug abuse has continued to increase. A rapid rise in drug traffic occurred in the 1960's, and a White House Conference on Narcotics and Drug Abuse was held in 1962. In 1965, the enactment of an amendment forming the Bureau of Drug Abuse Control and later the merging of that bureau in 1969, with the Bureau of Narcotics to form the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs were means by which the federal government believed the drug problem could be controlled. In spite of these measures, drug abuse has become more prevalent, and the gravity of the problem hasbeen intensified by the lack of adequate drug treatment centers in the United States. The inrush of drug abusers into Houston, Texas, in the summer of 1969, created a very critical situation. Thirty-two hundred persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years were admitted to the emergency room at Ben Taub Hospital. In the summer of 1970, the number admitted there was 1,200 young people, the majority of which were aged 8 through 15. The personnel was hampered by a lack of facilities to treat these individuals, and the problem was further complicated by the severity of adverse drug reactions. The purpose of this study has been to evaluate on going drug rehabilitation programs in various areas of the United States, which are comparable in size to Houston, Texas, and which have drug problems similar to those found in Houston. The reason for this evaluation was to determine which methods used by these centers were most effective, so that they could be incorporated into a modular concept of drug rehabilitation, which might be utilized in the Houston area. To accomplish the above-mentioned purpose, a questionnaire was designed containing certain key factors, such as age of the abuser, length of time of drug misuse, and type of treatment used, which appeared to be relevant to the success of a drug rehabilitation program. It was the aim of the researcher to obtain the most accurate information possible through the use of this questionnaire, as a personal visit to the centers was an impossibility. The questionnaire was sent with a cover letter explaining the purpose to various centers selected from a manual published by the Institute of Mental Health, a department of Health, Education and Welfare. After an analysis of the data received in the responses to the questionnaire, the findings indicated that a successful drug rehabilitation program should include the following features: more than one treatment approach to offer the drug abuser; utilization of the team concept; smaller case load for each individual counselor; use of the initial intake interview; increased drug research; better quality of drug education and prevention programs; more use of the former drug abuser; more effective utilization of professional and non-professional personnel; working more closely with the surrounding communities; coordination of treatment efforts already in progress; and the use of the modular concept in the treatment program. An effective modular concept should consolidate all the components of a multi-faceted program physically, organizationally, and conceptually to accomplish the purpose of the program. The ultimate purpose of the program should be the successful rehabilitation of the abuser to enable him to return to society as a useful member. In the Houston, Texas, area the need for such a program is apparent, as drug abuse continues to increase.
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Forensic science: a survey of crime laboratories in the state of Texas
(Sam Houston State University, 1973-12) Quarles, Chester L.; Kercher, Glen A.; Killinger, George G.; Pilcher, Wayland D.; Kirkpatrick, Don E.
Purpose: The objectives of this study were: (1) to develop expository data and statistics on the "state of the arts" of criminalistics in the State of Texas and (2) to determine the levels of education and training of criminal investigators in the State of Texas. Methods: The methods used in this study were: (1) library research, (2) a questionnaire sent to each state crime laboratory in the United States and to each major laboratory facility in the State of Texas, (3) a questionnaire sent to Chiefs of Police in every municipality with a population base of ten thousand people or more and to every Sheriff in the State of Texas, and (5) personal interviews with laboratory directors and police investigators. Findings: The findings of this study are: 1. Narcotics, alcohol intoxication analysis and latent print examinations were the highest categories of crime laboratory caseloads in the state laboratories as well as Texas facilities. 2. Texas laboratory staffs range the highest in Dallas with fifty-six employees to the Fort Worth Crime Laboratory with three employees. 3. Educational credentials for Texas criminalistic administrators range from an M.D. (Dallas), three Master’s degrees (Houston, Fort Worth, and San Antonio), to the bacca laureate degree (Texas Department of Public Safety Laboratory at Austin). 4. No Sheriff’s Department respondent acknowledged college credit in criminal investigation coursework of the 12 per cent of all Texas Sheriff's Departments responding. 5. Of the sixty Texas police departments in munici palities of ten thousand or more population only twenty-four individuals reported college credit in criminal investigative work. 6. Forty-five respondents indicated specialized crimi nal investigative training within their own departments, the Military Police, or state schools provided for this purpose. 7. Only twenty-seven of all police or sheriff’s de partment respondents indicated any crime scene training within the last year. 8. Of the reported 1402 cases investigated by thirty five officers, 28 per cent were referred to a crime laboratory. 9. The respondents indicated that they could not have solved 9.5 per cent of their cases last year without laboratory aid. 10. Of those respondents answering the question referring to reasons for not using the crime laboratory, the answers of: (a) "no need to develop physical evidence," (b) "very few criminal cases in my jurisdiction," (d) "distance of laboratory from jurisdiction," and (d) "the length of time the laboratory takes in analysis prior to answers from those cases," were reflected by the officers answering the questionnaire.
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A comparative study of the adoptions of 1960 and 1970 in Travis County, Texas
(Sam Houston State University, 1971-12) Preusse, Carol Ann,1943-; Hayes, Dorothy D.; Killinger, George G.; Weisenhorn, Donald J.
The purpose of this study was to compare the adoptions of 1960 in Travis County, Texas, to the adoptions of 1970 in the same county. The study sample was dichotomised according to year, 1960 and 1970. A table of random numbers was used to select one-third of the case histories of children adopted in each of these two years. From the case folders and Investigator's Reports of the Travis County Juvenile Court thirteen baseline characteristics of the adoptive families and the children were selected, and the dichotomized sample was crosstabulated by these. All petitions for adoption in Travis County, Texas, must be processed by the Travis County Juvenile Court before the final court hearing. The 1960 and 1970 samples were crosstabulated by six categories of adoptions. It was the intention of this study to determine any changes that have occurred in adoptions in Travis County, Texas, between 1960 and 1970, and if so, to describe these changes. It was assumed that all families whose casefolders contained a completed Investigator's Report consumated the adoption. The Travis County Juvenile Court does not maintain a complete record of the adoptions. However, once an Investigators' Report is filed in the record, the case can be assumed to be properly prepared for acceptance and consumation by the Court. It was assumed also that the baseline characteristics selected for study would have an appreciable influence on the kind of adoption in which each family would seek to participate, and thus would influence any changes that may occur in the categories of adoptions between 1960 and 1970.
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Extent of functional coping style in the teenage children of alcoholic parents
(Sam Houston State University, 1977-12) Petersen-Kelley, Angela Marie,1948-; Shearer, Robert A.; Loveless, Pauline; Riede, Gregory F.
The objectives of this study were to determine the type of coping behavior or style in the teenage children of alcoholics attending Alateen meetings in Houston, Texas. Additionally to learn specifically what differences, if any, exist in the coping behaviors of the teenage children of alcoholic parents when compared to children of non-alcoholic parents. The methods used in this study were to administer the Family Environment Scale FES Form R measuring ten dimensions of family environment to a sample of thirty-nine Alateen participants at four meeting locations. In order to match as accurately as possible the norm group socio-economic distribution, sponsors at each Alateen meeting tested were asked to estimate the income level of the families of the Alateen members present. FES answer sheets were manually scored with the stencil key. "Student" t-test analysis determined differences with a probability of .05 or less were considered significant. The teenage children of alcoholics scores on the FES indicate their family environments are less cohesive, less expressive and less independent, while these families at the same time involve themselves in fewer intellectual and cultural activities, fewer active and recreational activities and manifest less control or structure in their families. The Alateens in this study, based on the comparison of family environment dimensions, were found to less often use functional coping behavior such as shared family activities, social behaviors involving others, involvement in outside-the- home activities, and confidence and some degree of independence in interacting with others. Alateen meetings are providing teenage children of alcoholics an opportunity to learn and practice more functional coping behaviors. These behaviors include expressing one's feelings openly and directly; learning to express concern and be supportive of others; becoming assertive and self-sufficient, learning to think things out by oneself; helping oneself and accepting responsibility for one's own problems.