Scholarly Works @ SHSU

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Data: Integrating Domains of Clinical Reasoning into Medical Students' First Weeks of Education Improves Understanding of Complex Neuroanatomy
(2024) Loomis, Mario; Quiñones-Rodriguez, Jailenne; Thomas, Kathryn; Wackerly, Rylie; Loomis, Teresa
A quarter of all medical errors are due to faulty clinical reasoning. Such reasoning involves analytical (deductive) and non-analytical (recall) processes. The non-analytical is taught extensively in medical school, and it dominates medical students' time as they review question banks and lecture notes, watch videos online, and memorize flashcards, algorithms, and illness scripts. However, the step-by-step deductive process of analytical reasoning is taught much less often. When it is, the diverse levels of innate reasoning ability among students often lead to significant learning disparity. To address this deficiency, a pilot module on cranial nerve anatomy was developed to enhance analytical reasoning skills. It was hypothesized that this module would not only introduce an essential medical skill but also improve overall student understanding of the subject and reduce learning disparities among students. A comparative study was conducted between this novel module and a control didactic module, employing pre- and post-testing measures. Results indicated a 26% improvement in average scores following the analytical module, whereas the control module showed no significant improvement. In addition, there was less disparity following the analytical module with 75% of students achieving improved results, compared to 41% following the control. Analytical reasoning was successfully introduced early in first-year medical students' education, facilitating the learning of complex neuroanatomy and reducing learning disparity between students. Future research should evaluate the long-term retention of these benefits, their impact on analytical reasoning skills during the clerkship years, and their effects on performance in level two and three licensing examinations.
The violent offender and his prison disciplinary record: a comparative study
(Sam Houston State University, 1976-12) Shamburger, Robert,1943-; Riede, Gregory; Beto, George; Killinger, George G.
The purpose of this research is to collect data from inmate personnel files and corresponding disciplinary records, involving a sample of violent and non-violent offender typologies. It was hypothesized 1) that violent conviction inmates do not exhibit an inclination of institutional violence, as indicated by a greater number of rule infractions of violent character, compared to inmates without either a violent conviction or a noted jail confinement for a violent offense; 2) that violent conviction inmates are refused parole for a longer duration, compared to inmates without either a violent conviction or a noted jail confinement for a violent offense. These data will add to past studies and will provide new data for future studies. Assessment of the above hypotheses will provide additional knowledge of the violent offender and his probability of parole.
Drug abuse: its relationship to criminality
(Sam Houston State University, 1972-05) Schneeweis, Harold N., 1938-; Bramlett, Billy W.; Friel, Charles M.; Kirkpatrick, Don E.
The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of the relationship which exists between the use of drugs and the commission of criminal acts. Specifically, this study sought to ascertain empirically whether the commission of acts of criminality by drug offenders could be attributed to the pharmacological effect of such widely abused drugs as, marijuana, the opiates, barbiturates and the other widely abused substances. In addition, this study also attempted to ascertain whether any manifest dissimilarities were present between the drug offender and the non-drug abuser as a result of the comparison of certain selected variables.
A descriptive study of the skid row alcoholic in Houston, Texas
(Sam Houston State University, 1970) Ross, Tommy W.,1926-
The purpose of this study was to establish a population profile of the skid row alcoholic in Houston, Texas. It was designed also to point up differences, if any, in the demographic and drinking pattern characteristics between a sample of skid row alcoholics in Houston, and those described in earlier, but similar, studies completed in New Haven, Connecticut in 1945 and 1946, San Francisco, California in 1966, and Los Angeles, California in 1967. Specifically, the aim of the study was to provide those interested in the problem of alcoholism in general, and the rehabilitation and/or resocialization of the skid row alcoholic in particular, research information that might assist them in the furtherance of their efforts and endeavors.
A study of the Federal Aviation Administration's patrol
(Sam Houston State University, 1975-05) McInnis, William Lee,1942-; Dowling, Jerry L.; Henningsen, R. J.; Bramlett, Billy W.
The purpose of this study was to examine the utilization of the dual trained patrol/explosive detector dog currently employed by the Federal Aviation Administration at twenty major airports throughout the United States. The program utilized the advanced multi-purpose dog trained to function as a conventional police dog but with the additional capability of detecting explosives. This Law Enforcement Assistance Administration funded program trained civilian law enforcement officers and dogs in patrol dog handling and explosive detection for the purpose of providing airport security. Primary research for this study consisted of reviewing and analyzing the inspection and evaluation reports on each of the civilian enforcement agencies utilizing the patrol/explosive detector dogs in support of local airports. The on-site evaluation reports were compiled by Air Force personnel from the Military Working Dog Program, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas. Team members utilized an approved standardized inspection and evaluation report for the collection of the data. Findings: The Federal Aviation Administration's patrol/explosive detector dog program is a viable canine operation. It is accomplishing its primary objective of providing aircraft/bomb threat search capability at twenty strategically located airports throughout the United States. Once assured of the dogs' capability to function in the manner for which they were trained, the study examined the administrative, training and logistical support provided by the responsible agencies. Analysis was conducted in the following areas: (1) Proficiency training (2) Vehicle requirements (3) Veterinary support (4) Kenneling facilities (5) Alert procedures Conclusions were in the form of recommendations for the continuation of the program and an outline of proposed corrective action for all agencies involved.