The Mexican sentiment towards the Mexican-American as revealed by the literature



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Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine the feeling which the Mexican maintains towards the Mexican-American. The basic question posed by this thesis was : What is the Mexican’s sentiment towards the Mexican-American and what factors have contributed to the constitution of this sentiment? Methods: It was the intent of this researcher to extract the Mexican sentiment by way of a review of the literature, primarily written by the Mexican scholar, the journalist, and the professional writer. A chapter was devoted to what the Mexican has written about the Mexican-American and the Chicano. It was necessary to inspect Mexico’s psycho-social experience by way of an historical analysis beginning in 1518 with the coming of the Spaniard. Throughout history, Mexico has been preoccupied with the foreign element--namely, Spanish, French and North American intervention. Of Particular interest was the period surrounding the mid-19th century, when part of the Mexican sector became “American� and was subsequently thrust into the much despised category of “extranjero� or foreigner. Information interviews with Mexican and Mexican-Americans were conducted were conducted in the South Texas area, in order to incorporate the personal element and to add more fullness to the study. Findings: 1. The Mexican possesses a strong xenophobia and a sense of national unity. They have a tendency to view their history much like the living present. The Mexican has not forgotten the unpleasant events which befell their country, beginning with the Spanish Conquest. Consequently, the Mexican views the United States with ambivalence : the U.S. is admired for its power and technology and at the same time, hated for its imperialistic ways. 2. There appears to be little familial unity between the Mexican and the Mexican-American. Mexico has kept in mind that the United States dispossessed her of Aztlan or the southwest, and that the “Northern Neighbor� exploited her resources and her people. Mexico has not forgotten that the Mexican-American is also part of the United States--the aggressor--and the American way of life. 3. The Mexican seems to disapprove of the way in which the Mexican-American has given in to the Anglo-American life style. In particular, the Mexican resents the fact that the Mexican-American has adulterated and forgotten Spanish, his first tongue. Many Mexicans look upon the Mexican-American as someone who has betrayed or abandoned Mexico--the true mother. 4. The Mexican-American, realizing that he has been forgotten by Mexico and reluctantly adopted by the United States, has sought out a new identity--something other than “Mexican� and “American.� This cultural hybrid has been forced to look for a new self. The reverberations from both sides of the Rio Grande have prompted many Mexican-Americans to cast away the tag of “Mexican-Americans� and to cling to “Chicano.� 5. Interviews with Mexican-Americans revealed that they often feel uncomfortable and unwanted in Mexico. The Mexican respondents, for the most part, did not exhibit any ardent dislike for the Mexican-American. The Mexican tended to be bothered most by the Mexican-American’s poor Spanish. It appeared that as individuals--on a one to one basis--the Mexican-Americans are liked in Mexico, but speaking in terms of the entire group, they are distrusted and disliked, as are other foreign groups, such as the Spanish, French, Anglo-Americans , etc.



Mexicans--United States., Mexican Americans, abandoned Mexico, Chicano