GIS: The Solution for Real-Time Crime Mapping And Crime Predicting in a Police Agency




Steele, Robert L

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Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas (LEMIT)



The purpose of this research is to reveal the clear advantages of agencies using a geographical information system (GIS) to predict crime patterns, hotspots, and accumulate spatial data for several functions. Creating a workable software suite that is capable of multiple applications is a sound strategy in affording the software, training the personnel necessary to use the program, and producing a positive outcome for everyone involved. Agencies should examine the different application advantages of a GIS system and integrate a system into their department that is right for them. Finding the right software suite is paramount. Police agencies have moved to a policy of transparency. The data delivered by a GIS system delivers the transparency sought by numerous local governments in gaining public support for their crime prevention efforts. Other agencies within a city can benefit from the data mined as well. When sharing the software, the overall cost can be shared over several budgets creating a partnership that benefits everyone. The research clearly shows that the technology is available at a reasonable cost, it is effective at accurately predicting activity, and can be used to build public trust. Agencies do have several counter points that could slow down the implementation of the software. However, agencies without the GIS are severely disadvantaged in the growing criminal elements. Training staff, training administrators, and educating the public is a positive plan for developing a tool that will pay for itself in manpower allocation while lowering criminal activity.


Crime analysis -- data processing, Geographical information systems-- law enforcement