The Yugoslav-Soviet split :1948



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Purpose: The objectives of this study were: (1) to study Tito’s rise to power in the CPY; (2) to examine the reasons for the conflict between Tito and Stalin; and (3) to examine the special conditions existing in Yugoslavia that enabled Tito to retain control of the nation. Methods: The methods used in this study were: (1) to consult general works on the issue; (2) to study biographies on Tito as well as primary works on the disagreement; (3) to consult those speeches and documents which have been published concerning the Yugoslav-Soviet split. Findings: From the data presented in this study the following conclusions were made: 1. Beginning with the Second World War many factors build upon each other and led to the disagreement between the two leaders. 2. The main reason for the split was Stalin’s dislike and distrust of any movement or leader not under his direct control. 3. Most of the accusations made by Stalin were either fabricated or based on circumstantial evidence. 4. The special conditions existing in Yugoslavia and the special feeling the people had for Tito enabled him to withstand Soviet pressures and continue as head of the CPY and Yugoslavia. 5. The Yugoslav-Soviet split led to a relaxation of controls by certain state organizations and greater liberty for the people, though Yugoslavia did not become a democracy. 6. Since Yugoslavia no longer sides with the Soviet Union on all issues, as one of the neutral powers, she had assumed importance throughout the world.



Tito, Stalin, Yugoslavia, Yugoslav-Soviet split, foreign relations