Browsing Faculty Research by Department "Population Health"
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ItemMilitary Veteran Residential Location and Risk for Lyme Disease(Virginia Tech Publishing (Journal of Veterans Studies), 2018) McDaniel, Justin T.; Middleton, Wendi K.; Albright, David A.; Thomas, Kate H.; Fletcher, Kari; Black, Eric; Ratnapradipa, DhititnutSome research has shown that Lyme disease cases among U.S. military veterans have increased since the early 2000s. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether high concentrations of military veterans live in areas where Lyme disease is hyper-endemic. Lyme disease case-report data for 2015 were retrieved at the county-level from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Veteran population density at the county level was determined using data from the U.S. Census. County control variables, such as weather patterns, forestation, and socioeconomic conditions were retrieved from various sources. Multiple linear regression was used to examine associations between variables. After controlling for county-level environmental and social conditions, results showed that military veteran population density was positively associated with Lyme disease incidence rates. Military veterans, due to their choice of geographic residence and recreation, may be a population at risk for developing Lyme disease. ItemZika Virus and the Risk for Renter Households(MDPI (Infectious Diseade Epidemiology), 2018) Scarbrough, Amanda; Rathnasekara, Heranga; Holt, Melinda; Hill, Jack; Kafle, RamRecent research on family income indicates that a lack of economic stability can affect healthy housing. Those with limited resources experience higher rates of inadequate and unstable housing many times forcing them to live in undesirable communities in which there can be several community-level health-related issues. One community-level health-related factor of concern has been the reemergence of Zika virus. Some research has indicated that a higher risk of catching Zika virus may exist in neighborhoods and areas with unhealthy housing. Therefore, this study sought to explore the existence of a relationship between rental housing and the Zika virus. Our findings indicated a significant correlation existed between renter occupied household units and the presence of Zika virus. This finding is notable as it indicates that renters have a higher chance of contracting Zika virus than non-renters. Future research should further examine the demographic and housing situation in other communities reporting cases of the Zika virus.